What is Gingivitis?
Gingivitis is usually the starting stage of gum disease and is caused by the accumulation of dental plaque which is a kind of bacteria on the tissues surrounding the teeth. This swelling is usually caused by the buildup of plaque. If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into a more serious gum disease called periodontitis, which is the main cause of tooth loss in adults. Gingivitis is usually painless, so if you experience any signs or symptoms, be sure to see your dentist for proper evaluation and treatment options.
Dental plaque is a very viscous, colorless to light yellow bacterial deposit that will often accumulate on the teeth if you do not brush your teeth regularly. The acid produced by the bacteria will erode your enamel and may damage your gums also. If left untreated, this damage may become permanent. Other causes of gingivitis include hormonal changes, disease, smoking, taking certain medications, bad tooth-brushing habits, and genetics.
Gingivitis Symptoms and Signs
In addition to bad breath, some symptoms of gingivitis include redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. On turning in periodontitis the gums are separated from the teeth, forming pockets. Bacteria will then become trapped in these pockets, weakening the bones that support the teeth. If you ignore the signs of gingivitis because you don’t recognize gingivitis, or you feel unwell because you are worried about seeking care from a dental professional then your condition may get worse. If you notice any of these signs and symptoms, be sure to go to the dentist immediately for proper evaluation.
Gingivitis Treatment and Prevention
Here are some steps and tips on how to help treat and prevent gingivitis:
- Brush with an electric toothbrush twice a day to help in removing bacterial plaque from your teeth.
- Do proper brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
- After proper brushing, you should always use an antibacterial mouthwash.
- Please note that your gums may continue to bleed for a while. However, it is important to keep brushing and flossing.
Questions About Gingivitis
Q: Who can get gingivitis?
Answer: Gingivitis is very common. However, although nearly 80% of adults will experience some symptoms of gingivitis, this does not necessarily mean that it is inevitable. It is important to note that occasionally there may be no obvious pain or obvious symptoms so that people do not know they have this kind of pain. This is another good reason to schedule regular checkups with your dental specialist every six months so that he or she can identify and recommend treatment options.
Q: Is gingivitis reversible?
Answer: After the correct diagnosis of gingivitis, it is important to start treatment immediately. Gingivitis is reversible, so please see the dentist as soon as symptoms appear for a proper evaluation to determine the best treatment plan.